Downsizing alternatives to redundancy

Considering alternatives to redundancy Outset

A softer alternative to withdrawals is to ask anyone about to join the business to defer their start date by a period of time employment Downsizing and its alternatives Employment downsizing has become a fact of working life as companies struggle to cut costs and adapt to changing market demands Downsizing alternatives are divided into economic, organizational change institutional and socio-cognitive frameworks

  1. ate redundancy in work. case, the. Acquisition. If one organization acquires another, there is a definite change in the management, Alternatives of downsizing. Hiring link to vision. The organization identifies what skills it will need in order to meet its vision and goals
  2. Work out whether there are alternatives to redundancy. If you can keep skilled staff, you won't need to re-recruit later when the economic climate improves. Re-recruiting is expensive, in terms of advertising, management time, induction and training costs
  3. The aim of this review is to summarize the alternatives of downsizing and successful strategies for long-term development of organization. The body of literature on downsizing is substantial, reflecting its prevalence in countries like the U.S., the UK, Canada, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan in the 1980s,.

(PDF) Alternatives to Downsizing: An Organizational

  1. Alternatives to redundancy. wage reduction: generally number of hours is reduced to help the employees understand the rationale for downsizing and the method which will be used. Selection. notion of fairness and organizational justice; the process of decision making on redundancy
  2. Corporate downsizing may be the way to go if you clearly have employees who are surplus to business requirements. Downsizing may also be an unavoidable strategy to prevent a business from going under. But before reaching this conclusion, explore the alternatives for achieving cost savings and efficiencies. Alternatives to Downsizing and Redundancy
  3. Alternatives to Downsizing a Business Even if you choose not to downsize, there are plenty of ways to reduce your wage bill during a period of low demand. Besides being more prudent in the long term, many of these strategies have other benefits. For example, voluntary executive pay-cuts are an easy way to reduce your wage bill temporarily
  4. Downsizing Dangers. By Edward Mallett - Aug. 23, 2012. So, reallocating roles is not a redundancy, nor is a dismissal because a person is not good enough at their job. Stage 2 . Meet with each of them and seek their views as to potential alternatives to redundancy. Job share or other areas for savings are ideas commonly put forward
  5. ALTERNATIVES TO REDUNDANCY Employers are often encouraged to consider alternatives to redundancies and to view compulsory redundancy especially, only as a last resort. There is a wide range of possible alternatives to redundancy. These include redeployment, freezing recruitment, disengaging contractors and other flexible workers, reducing overtime
  6. Companies often react to pressure by downsizing without thoroughly considering all the other alternatives. These alternatives have in common the principles of sharing the pain and taking strong human resource initiatives. This article lists and discusses thirteen alternatives to consider before downsizing: 1) linking hiring to organizational vision; 2) cross-training; 3) planning for personnel.
  7. Downsizing is often treated as synonymous with terms such as redundancy or layoff but, while frequently including those processes, it can be achieved through a wide variety of alternative or.

Automakers, as well as other industries in Japan, have adopted a series of steps they use as an alternative to downsizing. If the first step doesn't get the needed savings, they move to the next. Areas of focus include compensation, hours, wages and placement The consultation period will allow alternatives to be explored, and it may be that options such as short time working or unpaid leave can be introduced to avoid a redundancy situation altogether. However, if redundancy is the only option, notice has to be given, and with it a range of decisions, including whether the person should work their.

Downsizing and Its Alternatives Layoff Mergers And

Outplacement is a good method for implementing downsizing strategy as it involves much lesser cost as compared to its alternatives and saves the organization from bad feelings of retrenched employees. However, this method does not work in some situations Alternatives to redundancy. Redundancy and downsizing induces great stress on both departing and remaining employees. EDF Energy operates an Employee Support Programme (ESP) which provides fast access treatment and advice for mental health difficulties. This programme has resulted in financial and morale benefits, and reduced the scale of.

Employers must consider offering suitable alternative work to redundant employees. If employees unreasonably refuse suitable alternative work they may lose their entitlement to a statutory redundancy payment. Employees can have a four-week trial period in a new role Downsizing typically has multiple causes of which one may well be increased productivity. According to the DOL productivity in manufacturing (output per hour) increased on average 4.4 percent a.

I plan to utilize this resource to capture the definition and attributes of downsizing, its negative impact and feasible alternatives to the strategic initiative. As such, I will incorporate its content in justification of why 'downsizing organizations never outperform non-downsizing organizations.' Cascio, W. F. (2010). Downsizing and. The right to redundancy consultation. Employees also have the right to a consultation about why they're being made redundant, and to discuss possible alternatives to redundancy. If you're making 20 or more employees redundant, one employee or trade union rep should collectively represent the group at consultation As nouns the difference between downsizing and redundancy is that downsizing is an act in which a company downsizes or is downsized while redundancy is the state of being redundant; a superfluity; something redundant or excessive; a needless repetition in language; excessive wordiness. As a verb downsizing is

Lecture 7 - HRM in Times of Crisis: Downsizing & Alternatives: Downsizing processes are common in the UK & tend to be particularly widespread in times of recession. In this lecture we will discuss why organisations downsize & the impact of downsizing on workers & society as a whole. We will consider alternatives to downsizing in regards tot he last recession in 2008 & the current Covid-19 crisis Redundancy or Some Other Substantial Reason (SOSR) The first step is to determine if you have a redundancy situation or SOSR dismissal. 3 Circumstances when a redundancy situation will arise: 1. Business closure, namely the entire business will cease; 2. Workplace closure, namely one or more sites of the business will close; or. 3 Checking your redundancy is fair and what your rights are. Managing staff redundancies: step by step. What you should do when you're considering making redundancies. Collective consultation for redundancy. What you must do if you're planning to make more than 20 employees redundant..

When considering alternatives to redundancy, employers may consider that employees are more likely to agree to changes in their terms where this avoids redundancies. Good and transparent communications with staff will be critical even where collective consultation under s188 Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 (TULR(C)A. downsizing occurs and consider a range of alternatives to its use demonstrating that downsizing only in conjunction with revenue refocusing (plant closing) improved firm financial performance. Thirdly, we examine the processes involved and focus in particular on consultation, redundancy selection and support for both thos A furlough is an alternative to layoffs. In a mandatory furlough , employees take unpaid or partially paid time off of work for periods of time ranging from weeks to a year. The employees generally have either scheduled time off or call-back rights and expectations Alternatives to Downsizing. Financial Post, Apr. 27, 1996). While organizations may claim that their decision to lay-off employees is economically driven, downsizing is not carried out solely to meet cost-reduction targets. Many times it is also a consequence of a management agenda unrelated to cost control. Furthermore, the decision to. Downsizing in a company is defined to involve the reduction of employees in a workforce. Downsizing in companies became a popular practice in the 1980s and early 1990s as it was seen as a way to deliver better shareholder value as it helps to reduce the costs of employers (downsizing, 2015)

Voluntary redundancy programmes may be an alternative to collective lay-offs. Such programmes are gaining popularity in Poland. They usually precede the process of group lay-offs or are intended as long-term programmes (covering several years) aimed at reducing employment in cases where urgent employment restructuring is not necessary Downloadable! Fifty alternatives to downsizing are offered. A brief literature review was conducted with specific emphasis on advantages and disadvantages of downsizing. Downsizing alternatives are divided into economic, institutional and socio-cognitive frameworks. Though many of the alternatives have been used in isolation, the writers provide a conceptual framework that challenges those.

3 Tips To Successfully Negotiate When You Have No Alternatives. Apr 30, 2021, 10:17pm EDT. You might mean well in how you approach a downsizing situation with your employees, but if you don. Refusing an offer You may lose your right to statutory redundancy pay if you unreasonably turn down suitable alternative employment. You can make a claim to an employment tribunal if you think the.. Aims to review the literature pertaining to downsizing with an emphasis on the organization level, and establish the critical success factors of downsizing, that is, guidelines to the successful.

Redundancy alternatives: a stay of execution - Personnel Toda

While the pain of downsizing-related layoffs can't be avoided entirely, it can be mitigated. Anticipating the duration and depth of an industry downturn, for example, can definitely help a manager prepare and deploy HR practices that will, in turn, help both employees and firms adjust to difficult times. This author discusses some responses that haveContinue reading Redundancy can pose a risk for employers if there is doubt the redundancy is genuine, and it can be expensive to make an employee who has been with the business a long time redundant, as an employer may have to pay notice, redundancy pay, any untaken annual leave and possibly long service leave, depending on the circumstances Although the word rightsizing is used in some organizations as a euphemism for downsizing as it sounds less drastic. Rightsizing is a proactive and needs to be a constant part of the process of managing an organization. It is basically related to the business strategy of downsizing or trimming redundancy in a workforce through layoffs

How to survive the recession - alternatives to redundancy

  1. Alternatives to Layoffs Pay Reductions. Employees are often willing to cut their own pay in order to save jobs. To win employee support for pay reductions, make sure employees know that preventing layoffs is the goal, the reductions are expected to be temporary, and leaders are reducing their own salaries, too
  2. Alternatives to Downsizing Revenue and Cost Cutting Cost Cutting HR-related Financing - Non HR Employment Re-designing Payments Policies the Job(s) and Benefits Sales Infrastructure Attrition Transfers Pay freeze Pricing changes Expensive Hiring freeze Relocation Cut over time Alternative initiatives Cut PT Job sharing pay sources of 3-rd party.
  3. ation (including buy-outs), early-retirement incentives, and compulsory ter
  4. There are also specific rules on downsizing, when you're reducing the number of a certain type of existing role. For example, if you currently have three junior hairdressers, but you think you only need one, you'll need to set out specific details in the proposal, including the selection criteria for how you'll choose the successful.

Some alternatives to downsizing are discussed below: Redeployment à redeployment is one of the simplest alternatives to downsizing in which the redundant employees by deploying them in some other parts of the organisation. Redeployment is a strategy that is most extensively used in organisation in order to deal with redundant workforce Ending employment. Employment can end for many different reasons. An employee may resign or can be dismissed (fired). However it ends, it's important to follow the rules about dismissal, notice and final pay 6. Don't overlook alternatives to redundancies. Redundancies can be expensive, disruptive, time-consuming (especially if collective consultation is required) and may only provide a short-term solution, so employers may prefer to consider alternatives to redundancy. Examples include: Reduced hours and salary; Unpaid sabbaticals Reducing energy consumption - downsizing premises, and reducing heating, cooling and lighting costs; Focusing your marketing - not cutting advertising altogether, but placing less emphasis on long-term branding and more on short-term profit-making; or Four Alternatives to the Team All-Hands. Cofounder and CEO at RecruitLoop. I've been a. The good faith obligation to be active, constructive, responsive and communicative could lead to the redeployment of an employee to a position. If the employee has the required skills and experience to perform the alternative role it is likely to be a reasonable alternative to redundancy and should therefore be offered to the employee

If a business is considering redundancy of 15 or more staff, employers must give written notification to Services Australia of the proposed dismissals. More information, and a notification template, can be found on the Services Australia website . Source reference: Fair Work Act 2009 s.530 with alternative measures and where it becomes imperative it should be undertaken in such a way to mitigate socio-psychological effects it will unleash on the victims. Keywords: downsizing, layoff, survivors, redundancy, retrenchment, work-sharin

Alternative redundancy selection criterion As a potentially discriminatory measure, employers should be extremely cautious about using the last-in-first-out method as a sole criterion. However, when used alongside other criteria, LIFO will be deemed a more proportionate means of achieving a legitimate aim A layoff or downsizing is the temporary suspension or permanent termination of employment of an employee or, more commonly, a group of employees (collective layoff) for business reasons, such as personnel management or downsizing (reducing the size of) an organization. Originally, layoff referred exclusively to a temporary interruption in work, or employment but this has evolved to a permanent. The process should provide the company and the affected employees with the opportunity to consider alternatives to redundancy; for example: changes in employee benefits, alternative roles within other parts of the business, or a reduction in working hours/shift to part-time working Redundancy dismissals within the UAE are particularly challenging decisions to take in light of the majority of expats' residence status being linked to their employment and visa sponsorship

In terms of restructuring: Can we terminate their existing contracts and employ them into into new contracts on the rate of R17.36 for all three? With regard to equal work for equal pay, all three employees are performing the same cleaning duties and the working hours will be from 8 am to 4pm. What will the impact be on the employee with the highest wage rate and what can the company do to. The 'downsizing' of organisations has become widespread. The experience of living with the possibility of redundancy, and watching others leave, has become part of the working experience of many UK employees. but there is a lack of clarity at present about the link between alternative reward strategies and morale The steps for redundancy pick up at the end of that process. The process isn't prescribed exactly, but case law has helped to establish best practice. The steps and suggested timeframes are outlined below, and also in these handy guides: Redundancy steps - checklist [PDF, 96 KB] Redundancy steps and timeframes - task list [PDF, 104 KB Redundancy and restructuring. If your employer is implementing a restructuring or a redundancy program, for example because the business is downsizing in response to tough economic conditions, then demotion might be an alternative to redundancy No consideration was given to an alternative to redundancy, such as a pay cut or reduced hours. The respondent did not consider a last in, first out policy. At the meeting on 24 May 2013 the claimant was offered a full time position in the Sligo office. This was not a viable option due to her domestic situation, and Sligo being 48km from the.

downsizing Flashcards Quizle

Redundancy Pay. Under the Employment Rights Act 1996, employees who have been employed for two years or more qualify for statutory redundancy pay. This tax-free payment is calculated according to the employee's age, weekly wage and length of service. An Appeals Proces Solution to the problems of Downsizing and Redundancy Time is changed. Trends are modified in almost every aspect of life. There was a time, when the person who lost his job due to downsizing found him helpless in finding the new one. He used to immediately approach the local unemployment office and start finding jobs on web or in newspapers When undergoing a downsizing exercise at your organisation and team members are about to go on maternity leave, it is important to handle the situation carefully to avoid sex discrimination and unfair dismissal issues. If the reason for downsizing includes things such as cost-cutting, you may wish to consider alternatives to redundancy This claim also conflicts with alternative views in the literature that 'Corporate goals of downsizing are rarely achieved, with share prices of downsized firms tending to decline over time' (Redman and Wilkinson, 2001: 317).Organisational downsizing is mostly done through top-down directives

Downsizing and Redundancy Strategies - Handle With Car

Redundancy means the employer no longer needs the work done by particular employees. The alternatives to downsizing are generally identified as including: Resourcing linked to future needs for flexibility and adaptability among employees. Training and development linked to the need to develop flexibility and rapidly changing skill/knowledge. Then we will consider the extent of downsizing in the United States, Western Europe, Asia, and Australia, followed by a discussion of methods used to execute downsizing and redundancy strategies. We also will examine alternatives to downsizing, and survey research in that area In response to a turndown in the economic fortunes of my firm, I have just completed a downsizing exercise. A small number of my staff were made redundant. However, the firm's financial position has suddenly perked up markedly. I am getting new orders. So, when can I start recruiting again to deal with this new demand alternatives <p>Redundancy</p> Downsizing. Closure. Automation. External events <p>Downsizing</p> alternatives which can dye four times as much cloth as Ankit can by hand. What is the reason for Ankit's redundancy? (Give a one-word answer.) answer . Automation. automation. Automation It is also worth remembering that downsizing is traumatic not only for those who depart but also for those who remain. Redundancy can drive away stars as well as laggards. Therefore it is always important to have an effective workforce planning at the start of the year and hire cautiously when there is a sense of cut-offs. After all, the best.

It says its formula estimates the real cost of redundancy can reach £16,375 per employee laid off, even before hidden costs like higher labour turnover and a fall in staff productivity are added in. And the group is urging employers to plan for recovery by retaining their people, rather than downsizing and risking long-term damage to their. Sandi Johnson Date: February 05, 2021 A voluntary redundancy occurs when employers and employees reach a compromise agreement at a time when an organization must downsize.. Voluntary redundancy is a term used to describe compromise agreements between employers and employees when an organization must downsize or eliminate portions of its workforce Statutory redundancy entitlement means that employees are due one week's pay for every year of employment between 22 and 41, and a week and a half's pay for each full year after the age of 41. Length of service is capped at 20 years with weekly pay capped at £525. The maximum statutory redundancy payment is £15,750 The Downside of Downsizing • In the U.S., a 10% people reduction resulted in only a 1.5% reduction in costs. • The average downsized firms ' stock price rose 4.7% over three years as compared to 34.3% for matched firms that did not downsize. • Profitability was up in only half the firms that downsized and the results on productivity were not conclusive

Anderson Lloyd named as 5-Star Employment Law Firm by HRD 14 Apr 21. This article was published on the HRD website on Wednesday 14 April. As New Zealand's business climate changes in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the country's top employment law firms are keeping their fingers on the pulse of organisations that are confronting new workplace challenges If the purpose of a layoff of employees is to cut down on business costs (as opposed to reduce redundancy), you may want to explore options that, at the very least, can reduce the number of people who need to be terminated: Temporary pay cuts: Reducing salary costs is probably the simplest and most direct [ Find 28 ways to say REDUNDANCY, along with antonyms, related words, and example sentences at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus Consideration of Alternatives This is the third element of the procedure in effecting a fair redundancy. Of course, if there is an overall downsizing occurring, there may well not be any alternative positions available. If there are some vacancies available avoid assuming that employees are not interested in less well paid positions

How to Strategically Downsize Your Business - BambooHR Blo

Redundancy is defined as a dismissal caused by either the company is closing down, downsizing or the employees job is no longer needed or been done. The responsibility of the employer is to show evidence that redundancy is required. The employer will be expected to show what consideration it gave to possible alternatives to redundancy. This. Step 8 - Considering alternatives. At all stages of the redundancy process you need to keep considering alternatives and assessing whether any current vacancies might be a suitable alternative. To be considered 'suitable', a role needs to be similar in regards of the tasks done, skills required and terms and conditions

In Australia, up to 2.3% of people are made redundant each year due to corporate downsizing or closure; however, of this number, up to 70% of people find a new job and career change within one year and 80% within two years Summary. Firms often downsize because it is seen as a way to reduce costs, adjust structures, and create leaner, more efficient workplaces. But new research indicates that downsizing may actually.

Furloughs as an Alternative to Layoffs Another good alternative to layoffs is to offer furloughs to staff members instead of letting them go completely. A furlough is a leave of absence given to employees with the promise of rehiring them later or simply retaining their job for them UES (Int'l) Pty Ltd v Harvey [2012] FWAFB 5241 (Acton SDP, Kaufman SDP, Bissett C, 14 August 2012), [(2012) 215 IR 263].. A warehouse manager's position was selected to be made redundant. There was a decline in business and therefore the employer no longer required the job to be performed by anyone because of changes in the operational requirements of the enterprise The notice to retrench may be withdrawn if an alternative post is found in the first half of the notice period. However, after this period, the incumbent will have the option of any alternative post offered or the retrenchment package. Severance pay. This provision covers severance pay in the event of retrenchment

Part 3 will therefore explore the effects of downsizing on survivors. Much of the evidence from research on survivors work-related attitudes and behaviours subsequent to downsizing have documented evidence of feelings of job insecurity, intent to quit, decline in organizational commitment, loyalty and trust, among others (Brockner, 1998) The seriousness of the situation has led to increased participation from unions and greater focus on alternatives to retrenchment in an attempt to preserve those jobs that are currently available. Those alternatives, however, are usually either temporary in nature (such as a resort to short-time or lay-off) or propose changes to existing terms.

Downsizing Dangers: Traps to Avoid in Redundancies

When organizations are considering filing for bankruptcy, downsizing is often an alternative in order to save money immediately. In addition, downsizing is often used by companies in order to compete with the cheaper labor that South America and Asia can provide by keeping costs to a minimum (pages.infinit.net/Rodrigo/downsizing.html) In addition, redundancy processes are often managed in a relatively short time frame. Common mistakes to avoid. If you want to minimise the potential for risk, be aware of common mistakes such as the following: Ignoring alternatives to retrenchment; Employers are required by law to explore other options such as redeployment The key aspect of the process is consultation - considering alternatives to redundancy and considering ways of minimising the consequences arising from the loss of employment. If an employee is made redundant you must be able to justify your actions, showing that you: the Employers' Chamber before commencing any downsizing or. Dismiss on grounds of redundancy if you are going to replace in that role. Go down the redundancy route without first considering other options eg capping overtime, changing working methods, modifying hours, natural wastage etc The company either decided to downsize, or the need for your skills and knowledge is gone. Whatever the reason, a well-developed strategy can help you cope with financial and mental struggles. We offer you useful ideas to overcome the redundancy period and rise as a stronger and more adept person

Downsizing, Rightsizing or Dumbsizing?: Quality and Human

The main problem with using early retirement and natural wastage as alternatives to redundancy is? a) It can lead to losing older, more experienced staff. b) Results in the loss of the most effective staff. c) It costs an organization a lot financially redundancy packages, use of selection strategies, and organisational performance subsequent to the downsizing. paying jobs as a downsizing alternative to cost reduction, the use of delayering as a downsizing target, and use of a ross-the-board staff cuts to achieve cost reduction

Alternatives to Downsizing PM

Downsizing: Managing Redundancy and Restructurin

In addition, redundancy processes are often managed in a relatively short time frame. Common mistakes to avoid If you want to minimise the potential for risk, be aware of common mistakes such as the following: 1. Ignoring alternatives to retrenchment Employers are required by law to explore other options such as redeployment. 2 Alternatives to redundancy (PDF, 33K) Redundancy factsheets for employees and employers - DfC guidance. Also on this site. Redundancy letters, forms and templates. Inform and consult your employees. Managing financial difficulty. Developed with: Our free monthly newsletter brings you business advice, local support, news and events. With many businesses suffering through liquidation and administration, and many more commencing downsizing procedures, the topic of redundancy has scarcely been more pertinent than it is now. and another to discuss alternative employment and confirm redundancy and notice. Free Download: Redundancy Resource Pack for Employees Alternatives to compulsory redundancy Offering voluntary redundancy, or even early retirement, is just one way of avoiding a compulsory redundancy situation. However, it is incumbent on you as an employer to take all possible steps to avoid dismissing any member of staff. This could be done in any one of the following ways The idea is to make voluntary redundancy more attractive to employees, to avoid the unpleasantness of having to pick and choose individuals to be made compulsorily redundant. A voluntary redundancy usually involves a greater payout than compulsory redundancy. Employees can also negotiate their voluntary redundancy notice period and benefits

Thirteen Alternatives to Downsizing - Workforce

Conducting a layoff overseas is far more complicated than in the U.S. As a result, it's easy for U.S.-based companies trying to downsize outside the States to run afoul of foreign labor laws. To. A structured plan is crucial to keeping people focused on the need for downsizing, and will help towards their acceptance of it. The process should also try to make the downsizing a singular event, rather than a number of sequential events which will hinder the company's ability to draw a line under the cuts and move forward. 4. Allow. Compulsory redundancy follows offers of voluntary departure, and insufficient workers have volunteered. Box 4.9: Aeromexico-Liquidation and Labor Adjustment One of two Mexican state-owned airlines, Aeromexico (Aeronaves de Mexico), had only 3 profitable years over the 30 years prior to its privatization, and the government had thought that it. 3. No alternatives. An employer has the legal obligation to offer suitable alternative employment. 'Suitable' will depend on several factors such as how similar the role is, terms of the job being offered, employee skills and abilities and the pay/benefits of the job

Downsizing and Redundancy - EzineArticle

  • Business ethics questions and answers Pdf.
  • Ocean City Boardwalk Amusement Park.
  • Pumped Storage power plant in India.
  • How many students skip breakfast.
  • What is a busboy.
  • Coconut oil in coffee intermittent fasting.
  • Japanese burnt cheesecake recipe.
  • Doll voice box replacement.
  • How to wire tweeters without crossover.
  • Chickpea calories.
  • Fair value method formula.
  • Train driver jobs at Metrorail.
  • Macbook pro charger usb c best buy.
  • How to build a mini LEGO DeLorean.
  • How long to smoke ribs at 175.
  • Switching from geothermal to natural gas.
  • Air cargo market analysis august 2020.
  • 650 minimum wage.
  • Bareminerals complexion Rescue Australia.
  • How to hide a tagged post from someone on Facebook.
  • Soy chai latte.
  • California curfew hours.
  • To create the happiest, most productive workplace in the world google.
  • Play chris rock stand up comedy.
  • Gaseous exchange bbc bitesize pe.
  • Car repossession auctions.
  • Chances of getting approved for USDA loan.
  • Google Docs to PDF converter.
  • D&B Credit report login.
  • Outdoor concrete bench.
  • Production of catalase enzyme PDF.
  • ACCA March 2021 exam dates.
  • Kung Fu trailer.
  • When is High School graduation 2021.
  • CSC Security certification.
  • Electric dog fence installation cost.
  • YouTube monetization Calculator.
  • Calamine lotion for toddler rash.
  • Can I see saved passwords in Internet Explorer.
  • How long can you hold your breath World Record.
  • Plane photographers.